Before Julius Caesar and the Julian calendar, the Roman (lunar) calendar was supposed to kept in sync with the year by inserting intercalary months as needed. Not only did this rouse considerations of prolonging terms in office, it was supposed to be unlucky when major wars were going on.
The monarch of Georgia was a king of kings, unless she was a queen of kings.
Florence passed sumptuary laws prohibiting any woman not a widow from wearing black.
In the Battle off Samar, a Japanese force including the Yamato faced off against Taffy 3, a force so small that the Yamato alone outgunned all of it. The Americans attacked anyway, with great furor, and drove them off. That the Japanese repeatedly identified them as larger ships at a greater distance no doubt helped (it interfered with range for shots, for one thing), and then they thought they were armored, so the anti-armor shells just went through the ships without exploding inside, minimizing damage.
Henry Cavendish was so reclusive that he not only received no visitors, he communicated with his staff with a daily note telling what to have for dinner.
In the 17th century, French nuns adopted the attire of widows: black dresses and veils, both modest. This allowed them to travel freely, because a married or never married woman needed a chaperon, but a widow did not.
Minor German princes served as officers in Prussian army. It actually made them viewed as more legitimate rulers.
In medieval times, the demon Titivillus was said to introduce errors into the work of scribes.
Romagna required all women to wear veils, but Lucca banned them (and hoods and cloaks) for all women not nuns.
Joe Medicine Crow was the last recognized war chief in the Crow tribe. He was recognized for raids made against the Nazis during World War II.
In 1714, Tobias Swinden argued that Hell is located in the Sun.
Cosimo de Medici said, "One can make a gentleman from two yards of red cloth."
At the battle of Rorke’s Drift, the Zulu forces had been out for six days, but many of them had not eaten in two. Traveling light meant swiftness but little in the way of supplies.